A Few Showers, Then Plenty of Dry Weather Ahead This Week

April 22, 2019

5pm Monday…

We’ve seen quite a warm-up the past week.  We spent about two weeks in Portland with highs near/below average ending the middle of last week.  But since last Wednesday temperatures have “stepped up”.  Every day has been in the 60s and of course we hit 76 last Thursday.

High Temp Last 13 Days

After a very wet start to April, we’ve dried out quite a bit too.  The last 10 days we’ve seen very little rain, less than 1/2″ in Portland.

Rain PDX Last 10 Days

Of course it has been VERY wet across much of Oregon the past 30 days.  Some spots in Eastern Oregon have seen 2-3 times typical April rainfall!  So it’s about time we dry out a bit.

Tonight a weak cold front drags across southern Washington and northern Oregon.  Most rain/showers will be in Coast & Cascade ranges plus west slopes & foothills.  WRF-GFS shows just a few sprinkles west metro and up to 1/3″ the next 24 hours in the western Gorge.

wrf_rain_wed_am

Expect a brief soaking far east metro and west slopes of the Cascades later tonight and Tuesday morning.  All of us see sprinkles or light showers the next 24 hours but “wet” conditions will be mainly east metro.  Beyond that a weak northerly or northeast (offshore) flow takes over Wednesday through Friday.  Lots more sunshine and temps warming above normal once again.

Take a look at 10 day rain forecasts from the GFS, ECMWF, & GEM models.  All are drier than average for the end of April and early May.  In fact all three produce less than 1/2″ rain in much of the metro area through a week from Thursday.

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That said, we’ll see a cool/showery upper-level trough move by just to our east coming up on Saturday/Sunday.

ecm_sat_troughslidesby

 

Then by 8 days from now it deepens into a cool trough along the West Coast

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This is a cool pattern, but not very wet. The ECMWF 10 day precipitation anomaly shows a drier than average western USA.

euro_precipanomaly

This could be a setup for a late season frost in outlying areas early next week too with cool and dry air in place.  So don’t plant those warm weather veggies yet!

Chief Meteorologist Mark Nelsen

 


Spring So Far; As Normal As It Gets!

April 15, 2019

8pm Monday…

I haven’t heard any complaining yet, but if showers continue I think the whining will be just around the corner.  This first half of April has been VERY wet west of the Cascades, especially south of Portland.

Rain So Far This Month Or and Wa Earth Scene

East of the Cascades it hasn’t been exceptionally wet, but wetter than average.  By the way, when we say “average” that typically means a 30 year average.  We’ve seen measurable rain 13 of the first 15 days this month.

Spring weather has actually been warmer and drier than normal much of the time since 2012.  The last truly “chilly spring” was 2011.  Both 2016 and 2018 saw quite warm conditions in April/May.    Last May was the warmest on record in Portland and we saw very little rain from this point forward all the way through the summer!  So one could easily argue that we are overdue for a cool and wet spring.  It’s time.  But so far that hasn’t really been the case.

Spring Rain So Far2

March was quite dry, but that almost balances out the wet April so far.  March averaged out cool, and April has been a little warmer than average.  That’s a “normal” spring so far temperature-wise.

Typically we get (average) 30 days with measurable rain in Portland when you combine April and May together.  So far we’ve seen 12.  But only one of the past 5 springs has seen a greater than normal number of wet days

Spring Rain So Far

Again, we’ve had some real decent springs lately.

What’s ahead?  Big picture says there’s no sign of the rain suddenly shutting off.  But there will still be (lighter) showers at times over the next week.    The 10 day precipitation forecast from this morning’s Euro run shows less than 1″ rain now through late next week.  Much better than what we’ve been seeing the last couple of weeks

ecmwf-oregon-total_precip_inch-6150400

So enjoy the more reasonable weather the rest of this week.   Warmest day is Thursday as warm southerly flow and a warmer atmosphere sit just south of an approaching front.  South of Portland it’ll get well into the 70s, north of Portland more likely 60s.  We haven’t yet hit 70 this month.  Nothing too unusual, unless we don’t get there at all the next two weeks

April 70 Degree Days

Some good news on the flooding front too; the Army Corps of Engineers has been dumping water out of all those reservoirs in the Willamette Basin.  Detroit Lake has dropped 5 feet in the past 3-4 days.  Looks like we dodged a bullet as the heavy rain cut off just in time.  Rivers draining the Cascades (and Willamette) will continue to run high as more runoff continues to flow downstream

willamette reservoirs

Chief Meteorologist Mark Nelsen


Historic April Flooding; Many Reservoirs Almost Full

April 9, 2019

6pm Tuesday…

We’ve just seen a few light showers today, but rain picks up west slopes of Cascades and in the Cascades themselves.    That has allowed many rivers to drop west of the Cascades.  Of the Willamette River tributaries, only the Pudding and Coast Fork Willamette River remain under flood warnings.  The Willamette itself crested early today in Eugene and now that crest is working its way downstream.  Highest water at Albany and Salem will be tomorrow.  In the metro area, the much lighter rain totals the past 4 days up here mean no flooding on the Willamette River, but it’s still running high with lots of logs and debris in the water

Mark Flood Willamette River Stats3

In Eastern Oregon the flooding has been more serious, especially in the John Day River basin.  At Service Creek the 3rd highest crest on record is forecast for tomorrow.  Some pics from ODOT

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Warnings Flood Rivers 2

70% of Oregon’s population lives within the Willamette River Basin.  And it appears we have avoided a major flood event this time around.  That’s because 11 flood control reservoirs have been built since 1941.  It’s interesting to note that this same weather event pre-1941 would have produced a major flood in the Willamette River Basin.  The filling of those reservoirs has been amazing this week.  Take a look at current conditions

Flood Control Willamette Reservoirs 1

There is one reservoir that has filled beyond the “TOP OF FLOOD CONTROL” level; that’s Dorena.  It is spilling water “uncontrolled” today, which just means water is going over the spillway as it is designed to do during a flood.  That DOESN’T mean water is going “over the top of the dam”.  That would be bad and that’s definitely not the case.

Then there are 5 reservoirs (in yellow) where water is within 2 feet of that spillway level.  Luckily at most of those the incoming water volume has slowed quite a bit.

There are 5 reservoirs (in green) with room to store more water.  At a few of those (Detroit Lake) water has been filling the lake rapidly.  Check out Detroit Lake

Flood Control Willamette Reservoirs 2

A 50 foot rise in the past week!  Right now the lake is up to just 8′ under its “full” summer level of 1563.5′.  That lake is still 15′ or so away from an uncontrolled spillway release; plenty of storage available.

If another atmospheric river event with many inches of rain were to show up in the next few days?  We’d see widespread flooding in the Willamette Valley due to little water storage left.  Luckily that is NOT the case.  Sure, there will be more rain in the upcoming week, but not too heavy.  RPM model shows 2-4″ rain in Cascades the next 3 days, then lighter totals through the weekend.

RPM Precipitation Accumulation

Rivers are going to continue to run very high as an unusually wet April continues…

Chief Meteorologist Mark Nelsen


Historic April Flooding In Western Oregon

April 8, 2019

6pm Monday…

I figured it would happen at some point and here it is.  For the first time in my career (a quarter century!) we are getting Willamette Valley and Cascade foothills flooding in the spring.  The latest I’ve seen it in the past is February.   At 6pm there are 9 rivers under flood warnings in Western Oregon.  Another 5 are under flood warnings in eastern Oregon, although that is not as unusual in springtime due to rain + snowmelt.

Why is this happening?

  1. Exceptionally heavy rain & melting snow
  2. Willamette Basin flood control reservoirs were partially full (normal for April), so not as much room to store water compared to winter

The past three days a series of weather disturbances have moved into Oregon from off the Pacific.  The nearly continuous flow of moisture has dumped unusually heavy rain in the central/southern parts of western Oregon.  Models did an EXCELLENT job handling the rain forecast.   Here’s the 3 day rain forecast from Saturday morning’s WRF-GFS model.  It showed widespread 5-10″ rain totals in the central Cascades and a clear bullseye on Eugene/Roseburg in the western valleys.  This is the same area hit by the massive snow storm in February.

Capture

How much fell?  PDX has picked up a bit under 2″.  Eugene saw its wettest April day on record Sunday, and now has over 6″ for the month

Rain Record Eugene

The big numbers were in the Cascades and western foothills of the Cascades

Rain Heavy Totals In Cascades

I’ve never seen such huge totals in March or April.  The result is flooding.  Check out numbers for the Willamette River.  Unprecedented for April.  In fact the river is forecast to rise to over 28′ at Albany, the highest level since late 1996 (two floods that year)

Mark Flood Willamette River Stats

The more reasonable rainfall in Northwest Oregon mean less flooding north of Albany.  The river will crest a foot or so below flood stage at Salem tomorrow, still the highest in 7 years.  I checked both forecast locations and found there are no major river crests in March or April in the historical database.

In Portland the Willamette River will stay well below flood stage due to less rain up here.  We have seen higher levels in May/June in the metro area in recent years due to high water on the Columbia River.

Mark Flood Willamette River Portland

A cool and showery pattern continues for at least one more week.  The ECMWF ensembles show another 2″ is possible in the valleys during the next two weeks…wet!

ecmwf-oregon-total_precip_inch-6020800

Without the storage available on 10 different Willamette Basin projects, flooding would have been huge right now. 70% of Oregon’s population lives within the Willamette River basin.  Several reservoirs are near capacity after rapid filling the past few days.  Green Peter, Dorena, Blue River, and Fall Creek lakes are pretty much full.

willamette

The first number is percent full, the 2nd is where they are compared to the “control curve” which is where the Corps of Engineers would like them to be this time of year.  Detroit Lake was well below normal a week ago, but has gained 40′ in just a week!  It’s got about 22′ to go to “full pool”.  It has filled that much in just the past two days.

So…if the rain will at least slow down to more typical April showers we might be okay. But clearly there’s not much room left for another heavy rain event in the next week or two.  Regardless, the Willamette River will be running high for quite awhile.

Chief Meteorologist Mark Nelsen

 

 

 


Unusually Heavy April Rain Leads To River Flooding

April 7, 2019

7pm Sunday…

Models have done a very good job forecasting a rare heavy rainfall event (for April) across western Oregon and far SW Washington this weekend.  There was a break midday Saturday, but otherwise it’s been a wet weekend.  PDX has seen about 1.30″ rain since early Saturday morning, and over 1/2″ just today

Rain Metro Today Databound

Farther south the rain has been much heavier.  Approaching 3.00″ at this hour!   When the strong westerly flow runs into the Cascades, air is forced to rise and cool, squeezing even more rain out of the airmass.  A few spots have seen over 5″ with another wet 24 hours to go.

Rain Heavy Totals In Cascades

Minor flooding is occurring or will happen in the next 36 hours on several rivers, mainly in the central/southern Willamette Valley and Eastern Oregon.  Moderate flooding is forecast along the Coast Fork Willamette River from Cottage Grove through Creswell and also along the John Day River.  Since less than 50% of the Willamette River basin is regulated through reservoirs (north of Eugene) it IS possible to get flooding without having those reservoirs full.  An example is the river forecast plot (modeled, not a forecast) for Albany.  At this point the river could rise 14 feet in the next 2 days.  That’s a lot of water!

albo3_hg

After one last wave of moisture moves through tonight, we’ll be back to showers & sunbreaks Monday (much brighter!).  I think there’s enough instability that a thunderstorm or two will pop up inland; especially since the atmosphere overhead will be relatively warm.  Highs should make it into the lower 60s west of the Cascades.

The one bright spot in all this rain is the storage of water for the upcoming dry season.  I see Detroit Lake is forecast to be full or nearly full in just a few days, having risen about 30 feet in just the past week!  Another 35 feet of filling is forecast in just the next four days.  THIS is the reason reservoirs are kept low all winter and only slowly allowed to fill in the spring.  Imagine if that lake was full right now…

Chief Meteorologist Mark Nelsen


1972 Vancouver Tornado Anniversary

April 5, 2019

4pm Friday…

It’s pretty well-known that the Pacific Northwest isn’t in “tornado alley”, but I think most of us know that we do occasionally get weak tornadoes.  Official tornado counts go back to around 1950.  Since that time in western Oregon, plus the SW Washington counties, 89 tornadoes have been reported.   That’s 89 in almost 70 years!  Obviously they aren’t too common.  The vast majority are weak; EF-0 or EF-1 category.

Tornado How Many Each Category

There were 3 in our area last fall, but all were EF-0 causing minor damage.  Lots of us remember the Manzanita tornado in October 2016 and Aumsville in December 2010.  Those both went right through the middle of small Oregon towns, a rare occurrence.

Tornado Categories

Tornadoes come out of strong thunderstorms and we don’t get many of those west of the Cascades.  That’s the main reason we don’t see tornadoes very often and when they do show up they are usually weak.  There is a bit of a tornado “season” both in late spring and fall.  Notice how rare they are in mid-winter and mid-summer?

Tornado Season Stats

Tornadoes RARELY kill people in our area but it happened just once.  That was on this date in 1972.  6 people died and 300 were injured.  I was just a little 3-year-old kid (living in Hood River county) so I don’t remember it, but I know many of you older folks do.

Storm Summary

  1. A spring squall line with heavy showers and thundershowers swept through the region behind an early morning cold front.  Basically we were in a “showers and sunbreaks” weather pattern we often get behind cold fronts.
  2. Around 1pm a tornado dropped out of a thunderstorm near NE 33rd and Marine Drive in Portland.  This was just west of PDX and quite close to the National Weather Service office (at the airport).
  3. Tornado quickly moved across the Columbia River and through central/east Vancouver on a 9 mile trek toward Brush Prairie.
  4. The deaths all occurred in a several-block stretch.  From around the Fort Vancouver H.S. track to NE Fourth Plain and NE Andresen Rd.
  5. Just a few minutes later the tornado was gone after skipping out to Brush Prairie; lifting off the ground several times.

Tornado Vancouver 1972_a.png

Tornado Vancouver 1972

It’s easy to find lots of details about the tornado online; this link gives a detailed accounting of the storm as it moved through Vancouver:  https://www.historylink.org/File/8099

And here’s the official detailed storm survey/summary from the National Weather Service:  https://www.weather.gov/media/publications/assessments/Tornado%20Vancouver%20WA%201972.pdf

Ogden Elementary school was not rebuilt in the same location.  Instead a “new” Ogden Elementary was built about 3/4 mile to the northeast in just 18 months!

Chief Meteorologist Mark Nelsen


Typical April Showers Ahead

April 2, 2019

6pm Tuesday…

Here we are…it’s April in the Pacific Northwest.  The weather?  Pleasant, but uninspiring for meteorologists.   This past weekend was wonderful with mainly sunny skies and temperatures above average.  Lots more clouds yesterday and today but not much rain so far for MOST of us.  Today the only real soaking has been south of Portland

Rain Metro Today Databound

We are in a bit of a “split-flow” right now, but the jet stream consolidates a bit Thursday and beyond.  So we’ll turn wetter the 2nd half of the week.   The ECMWF shows a good 1-2″ rain in the lowlands of western Oregon now through Sunday

ECMWF Precipitation Accumulation

There have been hints of a surface low moving close to the coastline Friday or Saturday, but each model and model run has been different.  It IS possible to get a windstorm in early April (April 7th 2017 storm) but rare.  I’ll keep a close eye on that possibility.

Otherwise it’s all about showers, sunbreaks, and make-up time for the very dry March.  We only saw about 50% of our typical rain last month.

By the way, this morning we tied a record for a warm low temperature.  It was the warmest of the season so far, more like June than April

I don’t see any significant warm spell coming up.  The ECMWF ensembles don’t point to any sort of ridging overhead, no big swings up or down

KPDX_2019040212_eps_min_max_15

Those surface temps are typically too cool, it’s fair to add about 5 degrees to those temps.

It can get quite warm (usually just for a few days) in April.  Last year we hit 86, and the all-time record is 90 in Portland.  More typical is a monthly high somewhere around 80.

April Warmest Temp

April is typically also a month where we transition from wet to dry.

April In Portland Stats

Some years it’s a soaker, other years quite dry.  Last year was unusual with a tremendously wet first half then our dry season began the second half of the month.  May was extremely dry last year as well.

There you go, your early April update…

Chief Meteorologist Mark Nelsen